Install jdk 8 on Ubuntu

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Ubuntu versions:

  • Ubuntu GNU/Linux 14.04 (Trusty Tahr)
  • Ubuntu GNU/Linux 13.10 (Saucy Salamander)
  • Ubuntu GNU/Linux 13.04 (Raring Ringtail)

Installing Oracle JDK 8 on Ubuntu:

  • Download the Oracle JDK 8 tar file from here
  • Extract the tar file: 
tar -xvzf jdk-8-linux-x64.tar.gz
  • Create jvm folder in /usr/lib, if jvm folder not exist
sudo mkdir /usr/lib/jvm
  • Move extracted jdk 8 folder to this location:
sudo mv jdk1.8.0 /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0
  • Install new java source in system:
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0/bin/javac 1
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0/bin/java 1
# Java Web Start (javaws) is no longer required to be installed!
# sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javaws javaws /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0/bin/javaws 1
  • Choose default java:
sudo update-alternatives --config javac
sudo update-alternatives --config java
# Java Web Start (javaws) is no longer required to be installed!
# sudo update-alternatives --config javaws
  • Java version test:
java -version

# java version "1.8.0"
# Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0-b132)
# Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.0-b70, mixed mode)
  • Verify the symlinks all point to the new java location:
ls -la /etc/alternatives/java*
  • Enable Java plugin for Mozilla Firefox (even for Chrome)
# for 64-Bit jdk
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0/jre/lib/amd64/ /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
# for 32-Bit jdk
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0/jre/lib/i386/ /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
  • JAVA_HOME configuration: Some tools require JAVA_HOME variable. You can set JAVA_HOME on Ubuntu either:
    1. With /etc/environment:
    2. sudo gedit /etc/environment
      # add the following line, save and exit
    3. Or in your home directory with .bashrc:
    4. sudo gedit .bashrc
      # add the following lines, save and exit
      export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.8.0
      export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

Customers Java Swing Application with Source Code


I have developed the Customers Java Swing Application Demo. This application may be useful for developers who want to use Flamingo, Substance and SwingX.

Technology stack:

Model View Controller (MVC) vs Model View Presenter (MVP):

The Customers Java Swing Application Demo has MVC design pattern such as Java Swing. MVP is also popular for Desktop and RIA. Which is best, there are many discussions. Martin Fowler has written very good explanations for GUI Architectures. You may like to read.

Models and Services:

I have written entities with NamedQueries in JPA and Hibernate. The services are very simple with Generic AbstractService.


Full source code on Bitbucket

* Customers Java Swing Application images and icons credit: and

Base entity class in JPA


In Hibernate/JPA entities there are repeated fields and methods. Don’t repeat yourself and write a base class with @MappedSuperclass.

BaseEntity one: Minimal options

Common fields:

id: Table Id Column, Auto Increment. In entity model with @Id annotation.

version: Version column for Optimistic Lock has default ’0′ in table and managed from your database and EntityManager. In entity model with @Version annotation.

Common methods:

hashCode() and equals() very important. If you do not implement the methods you get problems later.

toString():I am using entity values for display e.g. customer.getFirstname(). It is more flexible for Swing, JavaFX or JSF components.

package com.devsniper.entitydemo.model;


import javax.persistence.Basic;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.MappedSuperclass;
import javax.persistence.Version;

 * Base Entity
 * @author cem ikta
public abstract class BaseEntity implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(name = "id", nullable = false, columnDefinition = "BIGINT UNSIGNED")
    protected Long id;

    @Column(name = "version")
    private Long version;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;

    public Long getVersion() {
        return version;

    public int hashCode() {
        int hash = 0;
        hash += (this.getId() != null ? this.getId().hashCode() : 0);

        return hash;

    public boolean equals(Object object) {
	if (this == object)
            return true;
        if (object == null)
            return false;
        if (getClass() != object.getClass())
            return false;

        BaseEntity other = (BaseEntity) object;
        if (this.getId() != other.getId() && (this.getId() == null || ! {
            return false;
        return true;

    public String toString() {
        return this.getClass().getName() + " [ID=" + id + "]";

BaseEntity two: with audit informations

Common fields: createdBy, createdAt, updatedBy, updatedAt

It is sometimes important to know when and by whom the data were saved. I save creation date, modification date and user informations in table. I have String for user informations, I save only username without foreign key, then I have no relations with user table. With @PrePersist and @PreUpdate you don’t need to set the date manual every time. Set the user informations(createdBy and updatedBy) in your controllers not in models. Business logic must always remain in the right place.

package com.devsniper.entitydemo.model;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.MappedSuperclass;
import javax.persistence.PrePersist;
import javax.persistence.PreUpdate;
import javax.persistence.Temporal;
import javax.persistence.TemporalType;
import javax.validation.constraints.Size;

 * Base Entity Audit
 * @author cem ikta
public abstract class BaseEntityAudit extends BaseEntity {

    @Column(name = "created_at")
    private Date createdAt;

    @Size(max = 20)
    @Column(name = "created_by", length = 20)
    private String createdBy;

    @Column(name = "updated_at")
    private Date updatedAt;

    @Size(max = 20)
    @Column(name = "updated_by", length = 20)
    private String updatedBy;

    public Date getCreatedAt() {
            return createdAt;

    public void setCreatedAt(Date createdAt) {
            this.createdAt = createdAt;

    public String getCreatedBy() {
            return createdBy;

    public void setCreatedBy(String createdBy) {
            this.createdBy = createdBy;

    public Date getUpdatedAt() {
            return updatedAt;

    public void setUpdatedAt(Date updatedAt) {
            this.updatedAt = updatedAt;

    public String getUpdatedBy() {
            return updatedBy;

    public void setUpdatedBy(String updatedBy) {
            this.updatedBy = updatedBy;

     * Sets createdAt before insert
    public void setCreationDate() {
        this.createdAt = new Date();

     * Sets updatedAt before update
    public void setChangeDate() {
        this.updatedAt = new Date();


Sample usage of EntityBaseAudit:

If you use your table id columns with table name prefix e.g customer_id then use @AttributeOverride. Without prefix you remove @AttributeOverride.

@Table(name = "customers")
@AttributeOverride(name = "id", column = @Column(name = "customer_id",
        nullable = false, columnDefinition = "BIGINT UNSIGNED"))
public class Customer extends BaseEntityAudit {

    // fields without id column ...

    public Customer() {

    // getter and setter ...